The rural areas have suffered from the drain of young population towards population centers, which until the early s benefited the industrial cities of Rauma, Harjavalta and Pori with their surroundings.
Genetically connections to Scandinavia seem to be relatively strong. Since independence, the development of Satakunta has followed the general Finnish pattern.
The increase of industrial production was not fully without problems, however. After this, the ports of Rauma and Pori have remained among the most important export ports for the Finnish industry.
In addition, the merchants of Rauma and Pori had impressively large fleets of sailpowered merchantmen, which made up a large fraction of the total merchant navy of the Russian empire. The seabed is flat and due to this, the still-continuing post-glacial rising is perceivable even during a single person's lifetime. The main crops are ryebarleypotato and sugar beet.
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One of the perceived reasons for this development has been the fact that Satakunta lacks a university of its own. Due to the rising of land, the former was left inland and lost its access to the sea. However, this is not the case with the Northern Tavastia, i.
In this area, the population centers are located along the most important waterways, as a result of the original inhabitation period.
Satakunta is characterized by a strong contrast of coast and inland areas. Towards inland, the flat agricultural plain gives way to a more hilly landscape blotted by lakes.
Administratively, the province lost its function in when it was combined with Southwest Finland to form Turku and Pori County. At the present, the eastern part of the old province has formed the region of Pirkanmaa and the western part forms the region of Satakunta.
In that year, the border between Turku and Pori County which included Satakunta, and Uusimaa and Tavastia county was rather arbitrarily drawn in Tammerkoski.
Nature sights and gardens
The large-scale use of sail ships continued until the s, even while the steampower started to dominate the international seatraffic. Heraldry[ edit ] The arms are crowned by a ducal coronet, though in Finnish tradition this resembles a Swedish count's coronet. Fortunately, these problems have become to large extent controlled since the s. In the 19th century, the eastern parts of the province were transferred to the Tavastia County.
During the Middle Ages, the major cities of the province were Ulvilaestablished in the 14th century and Raumaestablished The forest and textile industries dominated the business life.
The remnant of satakunta chat influx can be seen in some of the toponyms in coastal Satakunta e. At the same time, the coastal strip received some Swedish inhabitants, who however were assimilated in the mainstream Finnish population. The development of agriculture towards market-based economy was started during the 18th century, when crop rotation and large-scale drainage projects were initiated.
The metal and forest industries expanded steadily, necessitating the building of the nuclear plant at Olkiluoto. At the same time, clearing of forests for agricultural use continued, leading into the formation of a large crofter class Finnish: History[ edit ] Map of the historical province of Satakunta According to one theory, Satakunta was a political and military entity already in the Late Iron Age of Finland - AD.
During the 19th century the social divisions among the rural population deepened. Satakunta, with the rest of Finland, was separated from Sweden when Finland was ceded to Russia in During the era of Autonomy —the province experienced slow industrialization, Pori becoming the most important industrial city of the region.
During the 13th century, the Swedish rule was consolidated. The southernmost part of the coast is flanked by the archipelago of Rauma but towards north, the number of coastal islands decreases markedly. This is because northern parts of Pirkanmaa were only sparsely inhabited wilderness and the borders of the provinces were never well defined before the introduction of county system in To further complicate matters, Tampere with her surroundings was transferred to Tavastia Province in the 19th century.